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UNHCR: 120 million people worldwide are forcibly displaced, reaching record high

The United Nations said on June 13 that the number of people forcibly displaced due to war, violence and persecution reached a staggering 120 million, calling the rising numbers “a horrific indictment of the state of the world.”

Forced displacement across the globe has once again broken records, with conflicts in places such as Gaza, Sudan and Myanmar forcing more people to flee their homes, the UN refugee agency said.

It noted in a statement that the current global displaced population is equivalent to the population of Japan.

“Conflict remains a very, very big driver of mass displacement,” Filippo Grandi, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, told reporters.

The UN Refugee Agency said in a report that 117.3 million people were displaced at the end of last year.

By the end of April, this number had increased further, with an estimated 120 million people displaced globally.

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The UNHCR said the number was up from 110 million a year ago and had increased for the 12th consecutive year, almost tripling since 2012, as new and evolving crises and long-standing The crisis has not been resolved.

Mr Grandi told AFP When he took the job eight years ago, he was shocked by the high displacement numbers.

He said the number had “more than doubled” since then, describing it as “a horrific indictment of the state of the world”.

Numbers will continue to rise

Mr. Grandi pointed to a clear increase in crises and highlighted how climate change affects population movements and triggers conflicts.

He told reporters that the UNHCR declared 43 emergencies in 29 countries last year, more than four times what was common a few years ago.

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Mr. Grandi noted in particular that “the conflict is being conducted in a manner… with complete disregard” for international law and “often with the specific purpose of terrorizing the population”.

“That’s certainly a significant factor in causing more displacement.”

Grandi acknowledged that there currently appears to be little hope of reversing this trend.

“Unfortunately, unless international geopolitics changes, I actually see this number continuing to rise,” he said.

Thursday’s report showed that of the 117.3 million displaced people by the end of 2023, 68.3 million were displaced within their own countries.

Meanwhile, the number of refugees and others in need of international protection climbed to 43.4 million, the report said.

The UNHCR disputes the notion that all refugees and other migrants go to rich countries.

“The vast majority of refugees are hosted in neighboring countries, with 75% living in low- and middle-income countries, which together generate less than 20% of world income,” the report said.

“Human tragedy”

Sudanese Civil War has been a key factor in driving the numbers up.

More than 9 million people have been displaced since war broke out between rival generals in April 2023, and nearly 11 million Sudanese were displaced by the end of 2023, the UN refugee agency said.

The numbers are still rising.

Mr. Grandi noted that many people are still fleeing to neighboring Chad, which has hosted some 600,000 Sudanese in the past 14 months.

“Every day hundreds of people cross from one disaster-stricken country to one of the poorest countries in the world,” he told us. AFP.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo and Myanmar, millions of people were also internally displaced last year by vicious fighting.

In Gaza, the United Nations estimates that 1.7 million people, or 75 percent of the population, have been displaced by the war that started eight months ago. Hamas launches attack in Israel on October 7.

As for the war in Ukraine full russian invasion In February 2022, the United Nations estimated that approximately 750,000 people were newly displaced within the country last year, and the total number of registered internally displaced persons at the end of 2023 was 3.7 million.

The number of refugees and asylum seekers in Ukraine increased by 275,000 to 6 million.

The United Nations Refugee Agency said Syria remains the world’s largest displacement crisis, with 13.8 million people forcibly displaced internally and externally.

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