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Detect their malfunctioning warp drives

Speculative new research outlines a way to detect alien civilizations: by capturing the gravity waves produced by a collapse or malfunction of a warp drive. It sounds crazy, but this concept is based on the principles of Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

Inspired by Albert Einstein’s understanding of cosmic physics, warp drive appears for the first time Mathematical modeling by physicist Miguel Alcubierre 1994. and expand the space behind it. The warp drive does not locally accelerate the spacecraft to faster than light speeds; instead, it manipulates spacetime around the vessel. Such a spacecraft can travel long distances in a short time by “distorting” space-time, bypassing the speed of light limit in a manner consistent with general relativity.

The problem is, this model requires negative energy, a speculative form of energy in which there is less energy than a vacuum, which is not currently understood or achievable with today’s technology. This gap in our understanding makes the actual construction of a warp drive, as shown in the figure Star Wars and StarCraftfalls squarely into the realm of science fiction.

in a study Astrophysicist and mathematician Katy Clough of Queen Mary University of London, together with Tim Dietrich of the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics and Seba of Cardiff University Uploaded to the arXiv preprint server, Sebastian Khan explores the possibility of a hypothetical warp drive crash emitting detectable gravity waves.

When the warp drive becomes Kabului

Scientists don’t pretend to know how to build a warp drive, but instead use mathematical simulations to explore its underlying theoretical behavior. The team is particularly focused on what might happen if the warp drive suffers a “containment failure.” Such a failure could lead to a collapse, emitting detectable gravity waves.

“While there are many practical obstacles to their implementation in real life, including the requirement for negative energy, through calculations one can simulate them given an equation of state that describes matter,” the scientists wrote in their paper evolution. Open Journal of Astrophysics.

With LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory), which observes ripples in space-time caused by cosmic events, we know it is possible to detect gravitational waves; LIGO has Demonstrate ability Observe such phenomena from sources such as merging black holes and neutron stars.

Initially, the team attempted to study gravitational wave signals from a hypothetical accelerating spacecraft, but they realized that the collapse of a warp bubble was a simpler first step, and that such an event would likely produce a stronger signal, as Clough demonstrated in Email Gizmodo. She added that there is currently no known physical mechanism to maintain a stable warp bubble, which is critical for using warp drives to travel through space, leading to the possibility of containment failure.

“One would need to somehow control how the pressure responds to changes in the density of the warp fluid, or impose some additional containment mechanism,” Clough wrote. “This could be similar to the need for lasers to confine the plasma in nuclear fusion experiments. Our starting point, therefore, is the assumption that those substances holding the liquid have broken apart in some way, causing the liquid to disperse. By fluid, Clough refers to the theoretical medium or substance that needs to be contained and contained within the twisted bubble.

ripples across time and space

A warp drive collapse would trigger powerful gravitational waves because it involves a sudden and dramatic change in space-time. The rapid redistribution of energy and matter used in warp drives to warp space-time can create significant disturbances, similar to the sudden motion that creates waves in water. Such an intense event would release enough energy to create gravitational waves, similar to those produced by merging black holes or colliding neutron stars.

The resulting signal will be “very strong,” Clough said. This is because propelling a spacecraft forward at a significant fraction of the speed of light (10% to 30% of the speed of light, as the paper states) requires huge space-time distortions. The collapse releases a large portion of the energy contained in the curvature of space-time, making it possible for the signal to be detected.

The research relied on numerical relativity, a tool that allows physicists to simulate space-time under extreme conditions. This approach makes it possible to study and understand phenomena in which unusually strong gravity acts, such as black holes and the collapse of theoretical twisting bubbles. By simulating the gravitational wave signals that might be emitted during a warp drive collapse, Clough and her team proposed a way to potentially identify such events, if they exist.

By analyzing how the energy from such events and gravitational waves are radiated, researchers speculate on signals that advanced detectors might one day pick up. The strength and frequency of the signal depend on the size of the distortion bubble. In the paper, they give an example of a 0.6 mile wide (1 kilometer) warp bubble traveling at 10% the speed of light. According to their calculations, if the signal is strong enough, this should produce a 300 kHz signal that can be detected 3.26 million light-years away. Scientists say detectors similar to LIGO but designed for higher frequencies could detect the signal. “Proposals for such a detector exist and are feasible, but are currently unfunded,” Clough said.

fun of guessing

There’s no doubt that the idea of ​​using gravity waves to discover alien technology is crazy. We are still a long way away from using detectors such as LIGO to detect such alien technological signatures. Additionally, we don’t actually know if aliens adhere to our sci-fi concepts, so this adds another layer of conjecture. While research in this area sounds promising, it remains entrenched in theory.

That said, the research has implications beyond the search for extraterrestrial life. Understanding the characteristics of warp-driven collapse can also enhance our grasp of the dynamics of spacetime in situations where known energy conditions are violated. This type of research pushes the boundaries of our understanding of physics, tests the limits of general relativity, and has the potential to lead to new theoretical insights.

“Going beyond standard astrophysics like we did in this study really challenges us to adapt and push these methods to their limits, and this knowledge and experience will certainly help our research,” Clough said. More challenging systems for future astrophysical applications.

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