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Amazon’s carbon emissions fell last year

Amazon’s carbon emissions fell slightly in 2023 after ramping up renewable energy purchases and reducing pollution from buildings, hardware and equipment, new data shows Sustainability Report.

Back in 2019, Amazon committed to achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2040. balloon shaped Soon after, carbon dioxide emissions climbed from about 51 million tons in 2019 to more than 71 million tons in 2021. to just under 69 million tons of carbon dioxide.

To put this into context, Amazon’s carbon footprint last year was approximately equal Annual CO2 emissions from 184 gas-fired power plants. The company is still emitting about 34% more carbon pollution than when it made its climate pledge in 2019. Amazon’s emissions fell slightly during the year.

Amazon said the decline was largely due to carbon pollution cleanups in its electricity use and indirect supply chain emissions, which fell 11% and 5% respectively. It also announced that it had reached its target match By 2023, 100% of its electricity consumption will come from renewable energy sources, seven years ahead of the 2030 deadline.

Explaining what “match” means is a little tricky, but it’s important to understanding any company’s clean energy goals. Simply put, there is not yet enough renewable energy to meet global climate goals, and it is quite unfeasible to use existing resources to meet the clean energy goals of major corporations. Additionally, when a company is connected to the grid, it has no control over whether the electricity it uses comes from solar farms or fossil fuel power plants. Instead, companies typically pay to align their energy use with Renewable energy certificate (REC) is designed to support renewable energy projects.

The quality of these RECs is important. RECs may become so cheap that they are no longer a sufficient source of income for incentives new Clean energy projects. As a result, many companies are Carbon emissions reductions overestimated Through REC, Research Discovery to be released in 2022. What is really needed to stop climate change is new and additional renewable energy.

To achieve this goal, other companies, including Microsoft and GoogleTargets were set to match its hourly (rather than annual) electricity use with locally produced clean energy. This should support having enough renewable energy to rely on in the future 24/7 On any grid the company is connected to.

Another option is to enter Power Purchase Agreement (PPA), long-term contracts to support the development of and/or purchase power from clean energy projects. Amazon is the largest corporate buyer of renewable energy, purchasing more solar and wind energy through power purchase agreements than Google and Microsoft combined. According to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

In comparison, after Google and Microsoft integrated artificial intelligence into their products and services last year, their greenhouse gas emissions increased by about 13% and 20% respectively. Like Amazon, they have grown even more since setting climate goals a few years ago. Microsoft’s carbon footprint is 30% increase According to its latest sustainability report, the growth rate in fiscal year 2023 is higher than that in 2020. Google’s carbon emissions are 48% growth in 2023 Compared to 2019. Bringing artificial intelligence to Alexa and other service But the company is reportedly trying to catch up with other giants in the artificial intelligence race.

Amazon’s capital goods emissions also fell 13% last year as noticed Burundi. This includes things like building construction and new servers, vehicles, and other equipment. The company’s capital expenditures will fall by approximately $10 billion in 2023, Burundi Report. company Growth during COVID-19, leading to a surge in carbon emissions at that time. But after cutting warehouse and data center costs, its carbon emissions also fell.

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